CGIAR

The Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) is an informal network of 16 international agricultural research centres that manages approximately 600,000 agricultural seed samples. It is the most influential agricultural research body in the South, and affects food and agricultural development policies for resource-poor farmers worldwide. In 1994, most of the crop germplasm held in CGIAR gene banks was placed under the auspices of the FAO, to be held in trust for the world community. In 1998 CGIAR adopted a policy against use of Terminator: "The CGIAR will not incorporate into its breeding materials any genetic systems designed to prevent seed germination. This is in recognition of (a) concerns over potential risks of its inadvertent or unintended spread through pollen; (b) the possibilities of sale or exchange of viable seed for planting; (c) the importance of farm-saved seed, particularly to resource-poor farmers; (d) potential negative impacts on genetic diversity; and (e) the importance of farmer selection and breeding for sustainable agriculture." www.cgiar.org